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Commission for Africa: another window of opportunity for Africa's economic development  SANF 04 no 117, December 2004
African governments and civil society organizations have urged the Commission for Africa (CFA) to use its influence to mobilise development aid and lobby for urgent debt cancellation in order for the continent's poorest countries to progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Frelimo confirmed winners of Mozambican poll  SANF 04 no 116, December 2004
Mozambique's Elections Commission (CNE) has finally confirmed what was an open secret – the winner of the 1-2 December poll is the ruling Frelimo party and its presidential candidate, Armando Guebuza.

Good governance and democracy in Africa should be defined by Africans  SANF 04 no 115, December 2004
Africa must strengthen home-grown frameworks for the delivery of democracy and rid itself of the indignity of having its elections vetted by Western countries.

A retrospective reflection of the year 2004 in southern Africa  SANF 04 no 114, December 2004
The year 2004 is ending the way it started with southern Africa enjoying unparalleled peace, political stability and security, while poverty reduction remains top of the agenda for the region.

Regional defence body says peace and security is key to development   SANF 04 no 113, December 2004
Southern African Development Community (SADC) defence experts have called for greater links between the regional institution's political and economic planning bodies to boost the operationalisation of the Strategic Indicative Plan of the Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation (SIPO).

Bickering over preliminary election results  SANF 04 no 112, December 2004
Following what seems to be an apparent major defeat in the 1-2 December poll, the Mozambican opposition Renamo party has decided to contest the popular verdict.

Call for inclusive participation in seeking peace and security solutions in SADC  SANF 04 no 111, December 2004
Maintenance of peace and security in southern Africa should not be solely the responsibility of governments, but requires the involvement of non-state actors as well.

Election observers praise two-day Mozambican poll  SANF 04 no 110, December 2004
The 1-2 December Mozambican general elections have been applauded by both regional and international observers.

Mozambican politicians promise electorate more jobs  SANF 04 no 109, December 2004
Except for one candidate and his party, all Mozambican political parties have promised, albeit with slight differences in approach, to create a favourable business climate and by extension, increase jobs.

HIV and AIDS disenfranchise voters in Mozambique poll  SANF 04 no 108, December 2004
Candidates in Mozambique's national elections on 1-2 December have been speaking about HIV and AIDS, particularly as the voting began on World AIDS Day.

Engendering elections and governance in southern Africa   SANF 04 no 107, December 2004
SADC governments elected into office in 2004 clearly showed their commitment to the 2005 targets set by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in its 1997 Declaration on Gender and Development, although the electorate did not always support them on this issue.

Elections and transitions in southern Africa 2004  SANF 04 no 106, December 2004
Three national elections in southern Africa during the last quarter of 2004 had at their core the key issues of land redistribution and gender representation, as well as the transition of political leadership.

Mozambicans to elect President Joaquim Chissano's successor  SANF 04 no 105, November 2004
Judging from the just-ended electoral campaign, the 1-2 December Mozambican poll result is anything but a foregone conclusion.

Southern Africa's literacy realities  SANF 04 no 104, November 2004
A few days ago in the upmarket Sandton shopping centre in Johannesburg a friend was confronted by a supposed Zimbabwean “beggar” who bemoaned in fluent English the lack of job opportunities at home and stressed the pressing needs of his “family” in South Africa.

Great Lakes leaders take oath for peace  SANF 04 no 103, November 2004
Eighteen African leaders have declared their collective determination to transform the Great Lakes Region into a “space of sustainable peace and security” within the framework of a common destiny

State budgeting for HIV and AIDS – Meeting new challenges  SANF 04 no 102, November 2004
Revisiting state budgeting models and processes to meet new priorities in financing HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, support and care for the infected and affected is an urgent priority for southern Africa.

South Africa's Valli Moosa lands IUCN's top post  SANF 04 no 101, November 2004
Southern Africa has again proved its might in conservation by having one of its own, South Africa's Mohammed Valli Moosa, elected President of one of the world's most influential international organisations, IUCN - The World Conservation Union.

Namibian women call for more representation in parliament  SANF 04 no 100, November 2004
Namibia faces a big challenge of meeting the Southern African Development Community (SADC) target of 30 per cent women in decision-making by 2005.

SADC observers for elections in Namibia  SANF 04 no 99, November 2004
Namibia, after Botswana, Malawi and South Africa, has shown that southern African observer missions are as good as their overseas counterparts.

There is common ground for fast-tracking land reform in Namibia  SANF 04 no 98, November 2004
On paper all Namibian parties agree on one issue: the country's need to address the land reform process.

Namibians choose President Sam Nujoma's successor  SANF 04 no 97, November 2004
Namibians started casting their votes on 15 November with one question on their minds: by what margin will the ruling party and its presidential candidate Hifikepunye Pohamba win the two-day election?

Botswana's ruling party determined to improve living standards  SANF 04 no 96, November 2004
The ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), re-elected into power following the 30 October general elections, has reaffirmed its determination to improve the living standards of the country's 1.7 million people.

EU observer mission tries forced entry to vote count in Mozambique  SANF 04 no 95, October 2004
A European Union Election Observer Mission has tried to force Mozambique to grant it full access into the electoral computer centre where vote counts will be tabulated for the presidential and parliamentary elections in December.

SADC electoral guidelines not yet adopted in Botswana  SANF 04 no 94, October 2004
The Secretary of the Independent Electoral Commission in Botswana says the country will not follow the guidelines for elections recently adopted by the region because these have not yet been endorsed by Parliament.

Ruling party expected to win the Botswana elections  SANF 04 no 93, October 2004
The ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) that has dominated national elections since independence in 1966 is expected to win the country's general elections set for 30 October.

SADC and EU ministers agree to strengthen security cooperation  SANF 04 no 92, October 2004
Six government ministers from southern Africa met ministers from the European Union in the Netherlands on 20 October to review developments in both regions.

Environmental journalism still on fringes of mainstream media  SANF 04 no 91, October 2004
Why has environmental journalism remained on the fringes of mainstream media?

Communicating Africa: New challenges for African broadcasters   SANF 04 no 90, October 2004
African public broadcasters have vowed to reinvigorate the Union of National Radio and Television Organizations of Africa (URTNA), despite recent setbacks.

Regional survey says investment and trade prospects are bright  SANF 04 no 89, October 2004
The Regional Business Climate Survey says business trends are generating optimism for major improvements in trade and investment in southern Africa.

Selective application of global AIDS fund likely to reverse gains  SANF 04 no 88, October 2004
As southern Africa moves towards comprehensive regional integration and its people migrate within the region, the wisdom of sidelining individual countries in accessing the global AIDS fund has potential to do more harm than good.

Assessing Regional Integration in Africa  SANF 04 no 87, October 2004
Regional trading blocs are seen as the building pillars of a stronger Africa as the continent seeks to become a viable trading partner in the global economy.

Pan African Parliament agrees rules and procedures, sets up committees  SANF 04 no 86, September 2004
The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) has spent the first two weeks of its seating sorting out legalities, rules and establishing committees that will guide its responses to the numerous challenges that await its attention across the continent.

Pan African Parliament expected to give concrete expression to vision of united, integrated and strong Africa   SANF 04 no 85, September 2004
The Pan African Parliament will have its first regular session in South Africa when its 265 members from all over Africa gather on 16 September.

In remembrance of the past and toward a future free of conflict …  SANF 04 no 84, September 2004
Southern Africa can remain conflict-free if the youth who become future leaders learn from the experiences of the recent past and draw inspiration from the scars left on the memories of the current generation of leaders.

Why governments should consult widely before committing to new loans  SANF 04 no 83, September 2004
As lobbying for debt cancellation gathers momentum, governments have been urged to ensure negotiations for new loans with international financiers involve the public who bear the burden of debt servicing.

Africa's performance at Athens Games showed need for more resources  SANF 04 no 82, September 2004
African athletes may have returned home with a few medals from the 2004 Olympic Games held in Athens, Greece, but the potential was there for the world to see.

SADC water division calls for impact through partnerships  SANF 04 no 81, September 2004
Country water partnerships in southern Africa have been challenged to come up with business plans that ensure impact at grassroots level, where most of the “action” happens.

SADC Principles And Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections
SADC region has made significant strides in the consolidation of the citizens' participation in the decision-making processes and consolidation of democratic practice and institutions. The Constitutions of all SADC Member States enshrine the principles of equal opportunities and full participation of the citizens in the political process.

2004 SADC Summit Final Communiqué
The Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), met in Grand Baie, Mauritius on 16-17 August, and was chaired by the Right Honourable, Mr Paul Raymond Berenger, Prime Minister of the Republic of Mauritius.

SADC shows determination towards self reliance  SANF 04 no 79, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, MAURITIUS, 18 August -- The annual summit of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) ended in Mauritius on 17 August with leaders of the economic and political bloc taking decisive steps towards self-determination.

SADC in renewed approach to multilateral trade talks  SANF 04 no 78, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, MAURITIUS, 17 August – Southern African leaders have pledged to strengthen and better coordinate their approach to multilateral trade talks taking greater advantage of the already existing integrated economic and political bloc of 13 countries.

SADC forges ahead with its common agenda  SANF 04 no 77, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, 16 August – The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Summit opened in Mauritius on 16 August with a call for solidarity and unity among its 13 member states.

SADC economies face enormous challenges   SANF 04 no 76, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, 15 August – The majority of Southern African Development Community (SADC) economies have continued with their trend of positive economic growth albeit at levels that are insufficient to progressively reduce poverty.

Southern African leaders to discuss election guidelines in Mauritius  SANF 04 no 74, August 2004
MAURITIUS, 14 August -- The forthcoming Southern African Development Community (SADC) Summit to be held in Mauritius from 16-17 August is expected to discuss among other issues, the draft SADC principles and guidelines on elections and democracy.

Lack of information about NEPAD projects worries SADC  SANF 04 no 73, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, 13 August – A lot is expected from the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), generally accepted as the framework within which African countries can address their socio-economic and political problems.

SADC's food security situation improving  SANF 04 no 72, August 2004
GRAND BAIE, 12 August – The southern African region is steadily recovering from food shortages experienced over the last couple of seasons. Cereal production has surpassed that of the 2002/03 crop season by 10 percent.

Zambia delays signing ZAMCOM as it seeks national consensus  SANF 04 no 75, August 2004
Zambia will not sign the Zambezi Watercourse Commission (ZAMCOM) agreement before the 16-17 August SADC Summit deadline it had given itself because government has not reached a consensus on the matter with the country's various stakeholders.

Mauritius to host SADC annual summit   SANF 04 no 71, July 2004
Leaders of SADC member states will converge in Mauritius on 16-17 August to review the socio-economic and political situation in the southern African region since the last summit, held in Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania.

African Women NGO Forum to review progress on Beijing commitments  SANF 04 no 70, July 2004
Preparations for the African Women NGO Forum on Beijing + 10 to be held in October this year have been initiated with the appointment of an organising committee.

Zimbabwe: Economy on recovery path  SANF 04 no 69, July 2004
Zimbabwe's economic successes achieved during the first half of the year point to a country fast recovering from the severe downturn experienced over the last five years. Challenges however, remain if the country is to completely turn the corner and reclaim its place as one of southern Africa's economic giants.

Workplace a forum for HIV and AIDS intervention programmes  SANF 04 no 68, July 2004
An International Labour Organisation (ILO) report, HIV/AIDS and Work, presented at the 15th International AIDS Conference held from 11-16 July in Bangkok, Thailand, states that globally, 26 million of the 35.7 million people estimated to be HIV-positive, are workers, and as such the workplace should play a bigger role in intervention.

AU commits to accelerate ratification of Protocol on Women's Rights  SANF 04 no 67, July 2004
The high profile accorded to gender and women's rights at the African Union (AU) Summit in Addis Ababa in early July, is a culmination of the lobbying and advocacy by relevant stakeholders, mainly women and human rights groups.

AU Summit urges Africa to replace ad hoc cooperation with strategic alliances   SANF 04 no 66, July 2004
Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo assumed the chair of the African Union (AU) with calls to move from ad hoc cooperation to strategic alliances.

ZAMCOM a milestone in regional development  SANF 04 no 65, July 2004
The launch of the Zambezi Watercourse Commission (ZAMCOM) this week marks a significant advance toward regional integration in the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Zim's Wimbledon victory latest boost for SADC sport ahead of Athens Olympics   SANF 04 no 64, July 2004
Zimbabwe's victory at the Wimbledon tennis tournament on 4 July comes as a major moral booster not only for the country but the entire southern African region ahead of the 2004 Olympic Games due to take place in August in Athens, Greece.

AU Summit – Assessing progress on Maputo declaration   SANF 04 no 63, July 2004
Mozambican President and outgoing chairperson of the African Union (AU) Joaquim Chissano has during his term of office, actively campaigned for efforts to ensure the continent galvanises support to reduce poverty and compete in a global economy.

Zambezi river basin states to sign agreement  SANF 04 no 62, July 2004
Eight member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) who share the Zambezi River basin are this month set to sign an agreement that will see the formation of the Zambezi River Commission (ZAMCOM) expected to promote equitable and sustainable utilisation of water resources.

Public-private sector partnership key to success of tourism  SANF 04 no 61, June 2004
Increased cooperation between the public and private sectors is essential if Tanzania's potential is to be realized, the Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Zakia Meghji said opening the Karibu Tanzania Travel and Trade Fair in Arusha.

SADC bourses adopt loose cooperation to pave way for gradual integration  SANF 04 no 60, June 2004
SADC stock exchanges have resolved to concentrate on loose cooperation after clarifying the sticky issues that seemed to slow down progress towards an integrated real-time network of the region's national bourses by 2006.

ACP seeks ways to shape its future   SANF 04 no 59, June 2004
Heads of State and Government of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group have adopted a series of decisions and resolutions aimed at furthering the group's interest in its negotiations with the European Union (EU) and other international bodies.

SADC warns perpetrators of DRC military conflicts   SANF 04 no 58, June 2004
The unstable security situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has prompted the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to send a fact-finding mission. Latest fears were heightened by the 11 June coup attempt in the capital Kinshasa.

Zimbabwe AIDS conference takes stock of progress, shares regional experiences  SANF 04 no 57, June 2004
Poverty remains the biggest and most immediate hurdle in the fight against HIV and AIDS in southern Africa. This came out strongly at the inaugural Zimbabwe national AIDS conference, held from 14 - 18 June 2004.

Malawi new cabinet announced by President Bingu wa Mutharika on 13 June 2004  SANF 04 no 56, June 2004
Defence and Civil Service, Commander-in-Chief of the Malawi Defence Forces
Bingu wa Mutharika

Malawi new cabinet a mixed bag  SANF 04 no 55, June 2004
Malawi's newly appointed cabinet, sworn in on 16 June, strikes a balance between “individual merit and professional competence, religion, gender balance, youth development and the status of Malawi's international relations,” according to a statement from the President's Office.

SADC women intensify efforts towards economic recognition  SANF 04 no 54, June 2004
Women in southern Africa are intensifying their efforts towards economic recognition as they seek to become more involved in business activities in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region.

Globalisation must become fair and inclusive - report  SANF 04 no 53, June 2004
Globalisation can and must change, says a report entitled A Fair Globalisation: Creating Opportunities for All produced by the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation.

Malawi awaits new cabinet  SANF 04 no 52, June 2004
It has taken over two weeks for Malawi's newly-sworn in President Bingu wa Mutharika to come up with a cabinet, perhaps signifying the cautious approach being taken by the new government.

South Africa's investment essential to regional development  SANF 04 no 51, June 2004
A recent report by the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) states that countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) can take advantage of investments made by South African companies in their countries to boost their economies.

Business leaders discuss African Peer Review Mechanism  SANF 04 no 50, June 2004
MAPUTO, 4 June 2003 – Judging by the passion of arguments and amount of time spent debating the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) at the just-ended World Economic Forum`s Africa Economic Summit in Mozambique, it is clear that most African leaders do not want the world to rush them into implementing the process.

Business can play role in conflict resolution processes   SANF 04 no 49, June 2004
MAPUTO, 3 June 2004 – Participants to the Africa Economic Summit taking place in the Mozambican capital Maputo have underscored the need to include business in conflict resolution processes across the African continent.

African countries urged to show indignation at West unfair trade practices  SANF 04 no 48, June 2004
MAPUTO, 3 June 2004 – A leading economist with the World Economic Forum has called on African leaders to unite in condemning unfair trade practices that the developed world uses in dealing with the continent..

African leaders discuss ways to accelerate economic development  SANF 04 no 47, June 2004
The Africa Economic Summit 2004 opened on Wednesday in the Mozambican capital Maputo focusing on a wide-ranging agenda of development challenges currently facing the continent as it searches for ways of accelerating economic reform.

Regional trade experts prepare common strategy for EU negotiations  SANF 04 no 46, June 2004
Trade experts from eight southern Africa countries met recently in the Mozambican capital Maputo to prepare a negotiating strategy for the forthcoming round of negotiations with the European Union (EU) within the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) framework to be launched in Windhoek, Namibia.

AU launches peace and security body  SANF 04 no 45, June 2004
Mozambican President and African Union (AU) chairperson, Joaquim Chissano, formally launched the organisation's Peace and Security Council in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, headquarters of the pan-African body, on Africa Day, 25 May.

Malawi election brings some changes
THE Malawi 2004 presidential and general election has brought a lot of surprises, the main one being the election of newcomer Bingu wa Mutharika as president, a considerable increase in women representation and the beginning of the disappearance of voting along ethnic lines.

South Africa to consolidate cooperation with SADC neighbours
President Thabo Mbeki has pledged to use his second and last term of office consolidating bilateral cooperation agreements that South Africa has with a significant number of African countries and strengthening the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional integration process.

Bring honour, not shame through sustainable food security, says Mkapa
The leaders of 13 countries in southern Africa have committed themselves to addressing the issue of food security on a sustainable and regional basis, rather than rely on food aid from outside the region.

SADC region shares South Africa's victory for World Cup 2010
South Africa has, through its new cabinet appointments, delivered on its commitment to ensure at least 30 percent representation of women in politics and decision-making, as outlined in the 1997 Southern African Development Community (SADC) Declaration on Gender and Development, adopted by member states.

SADC leaders to adopt food security action plan
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has responded to increasing calls for a more sustainable and proactive approach to ensuring food security rather than depending on the short-term reactive appeal for food aid.

South Africa surpasses SADC gender target
South Africa has, through its new cabinet appointments, delivered on its commitment to ensure at least 30 percent representation of women in politics and decision-making, as outlined in the 1997 Southern African Development Community (SADC) Declaration on Gender and Development, adopted by member states.

SADC gender experts review progress after Beijing
Gender experts in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have urged leaders in the region to domesticate international human rights instruments and gender frameworks in order to promote equality among women and men. One such framework is the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).

South Africa's new cabinet balances ethnicity, gender and political ideology
President Thabo Mbeki has appointed a core group of ministers to deal with poverty and unemployment, carefully mixing experience with the need to balance representation along the country's ethnic, gender and political spectrum.

San people in southern Africa demand end to social exclusion
Southern African countries home to the San have been challenged to address the latter's concerns to reduce social exclusion.

New ANC government expected to play greater role in regional integration
The re-election of President Thabo Mbeki amidst high expectations to address a number of national and regional socio-economic and political challenges calls for the ruling African National Congress (ANC) to further scrutinise their development plan, as South Africa begins its second decade of multiracial democracy.

Africa's wildlife conservation strategies impressive, says Geo Year Book
Africa's record of outstanding wildlife conservation is impressive despite the continent's challenges arising from extreme poverty, water stress and scarcity and land degradation.

Compromises necessary for ANC control in Kwazulu Natal and Western Cape
The South African electorate has given the African National Congress (ANC) an overwhelming majority to govern not only nationally but also for the first time, in all nine provinces.

South African elections a challenge for other African countries
South African elections held on 14 April, ended with monitors representing the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and other African bodies expressing satisfaction over the process.

Second State of Environment Report on cards this year
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) will this year publish the second state of the environment report entitled the Southern Africa Environment Outlook.

SA election stakes go beyond national borders
As South Africa holds its third multiracial elections on 14 April, many in southern Africa and the continent at large will be watching with keen interest given the country's political and economic influence on the African continent.

Zambia launches millennium development goals report
Zambia has launched its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 2003 progress report, aimed at generating dialogue around the setting of national targets.

Genuine partnerships can advance regional integration
The role of civil society in promoting regional integration came under the spotlight at a biennial World Assembly organized in Botswana, the first time in Africa, by the World Alliance for Citizen Participation (CIVICUS) from 21-24 March.

Pan-African Parliament: Windows of opportunity for gender equality in Africa?
The election of Gertrude Mongella of the United Republic of Tanzania as President of the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) under the African Union (AU), to spearhead its affairs for the next five years, is a landmark victory to the quest for women's participation in politics and decision-making.

Water privatisation in southern Africa affects the poor most
Just where does the privatisation buck stop? This question relates to how privatisation of economies and commodities is negatively affecting poor people in many countries of southern Africa.

Pan African Parliament to strengthen democracy and prosperity
The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) has been launched in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with the mission of spreading democracy, prosperity and peace across the continent.

New long term plan, food security dominated SADC Council meeting in Arusha
Implementation of a new 15-year development plan of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), food security and HIV and AIDS were some of the issues that dominated the Council of Ministers meeting held on 12-13 March in the Tanzanian town of Arusha.

Mkapa urges South Africa to engage in fair trade with SADC neighbours
ARUSHA, 13 March -- Tanzanian President Benjamin William Mkapa has called on South Africa to take greater responsibility in correcting current trade imbalances between the country and its southern African neighbours. This is urgent if the recently launched 15-year plan, which aims to establish a customs union in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) by 2010, is to succeed.

SADC unveils historic blueprint to fight poverty
ARUSHA, 12 March 2004 – The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has unveiled a landmark blueprint for integrated regional development and poverty eradication. Launched by the Chairperson of SADC, President Benjamin William Mkapa, the historic blueprint is meant to guide a new SADC that has emerged out of a rigorous restructuring process.

Southern Africa braces for more food shortages
ARUSHA, 11 March 2004 – More than seven million people are expected to be in need of food aid during the current crop season in southern Africa, just under half of the number that was affected last year.

Mkapa to launch new SADC development plan
ARUSHA, 9 March 2004 – Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa, the current chairperson of the 14-member Southern African Development Community (SADC), is expected to launch the organisation's new 15-year blueprint for regional development during the official opening of the Council of Ministers meeting on 12 March.

SADC reviews progress in implementation of trade protocol
SADC is now halfway through the implementation of its Trade Protocol, which seeks to achieve a free trade area by 2008 when over 85 percent of goods will be at zero tariffs.

AU debates African standby force
The second Extraordinary Assembly of the African Union held recently in Sirte, Libya, discussed the establishment of an African Standby Force (ASF) with a capacity to prevent and resolve conflicts on the continent.

AU to create Agriculture Fund
African leaders have decided to establish an Agricultural Development Fund as one way of eliminating food deficiency and increase production and productivity in the continent.

Communique from SADC committe of Trade & Industry Ministers' Meeting
Media Release On The 15th Special Meeting Of The Committee Of SADC Ministers Of Trade And Industry , Dar Es Salaam, United Republic Of Tanzania

Yet another United Nations agency
Almost surreptitiously – except to those who follow tourism and diplomacy – the World Tourism Organization (WTO) became the latest specialized agency of the United Nations on 24 December 2003.

President Mkapa calls on Tanzanians to be bold
President Benjamin Mkapa has called on Tanzanians to be bold, brave and earnest, and to provide a fresh burst of energy to enable the economy to take off.

Rainfall Forecasting Should Be Specific To Time And Space
Mozambique has a new Prime Minister, Luisa Diogo, who is also the Minister of Finance and the first woman to serve in either position.

Mozambique: Luisa Diogo – New Prime Minister
Mozambique has a new Prime Minister, Luisa Diogo, who is also the Minister of Finance and the first woman to serve in either position.

Agriculture: Breadwinner Or Basket Case?
“While the developed countries are forging ahead harnessing the application of modern technology to increase productivity in their agricultural sectors, in [southern Africa] … agriculture remains under-funded, underdeveloped and its farmers remain poor.”

Full Election Calendar For Southern Africa In 2004
In 1997 the SADC Heads of State and Government signed the Declaration on Gender and Development at a summit held in Malawi. The declaration mandated all member states to increase the number of women in all decision-making positions to at least 30 percent by 2005.

Will Tanzania meet the 2005 regional gender target?
In 1997 the SADC Heads of State and Government signed the Declaration on Gender and Development at a summit held in Malawi. The declaration mandated all member states to increase the number of women in all decision-making positions to at least 30 percent by 2005.

Full house at the world's cheapest destination
An African diplomat in early December 2003 tried to make a reservation for Christmas or New Year in the leading hotels at Victoria Falls and the Great Zimbabwe monument in Zimbabwe. To his amazement, he was told that they were all fully booked over this Christian festive season.

WSIS Action Plan A “Living Document” To Build SADC Information Society
The SADC Executive Secretary, Dr Prega Ramsamy says the plan of action for technology development approved by world leaders last month in Geneva, will be a “living document” to guide this region toward an inclusive information society.

Water, Energy And Transport Development A Priority For SADC
Water resources management remains a major challenge and priority in 2004 for the SADC region, which is often subjected to drought and floods, and where more than half of the rural population still does not have access to clean water and sanitation.

Charter On Fundamental Social Rights A Milestone
The SADC region has made milestone advances toward social and human development challenges in the past year, including HIV and AIDS, and plans to launch trust funds in 2004 to support these initiatives.

SADC On Track For “Free Trade” By 2008
The SADC region is on track towards meeting the major objective of its trade protocol which is to "achieve a Free Trade Area by 2008, when substantially all trade would be duty free."

Food security remains the major priority for SADC
The regional food security situation has improved and SADC is working towards long-term strategies to avoid future shortages, but food security continues to have top priority at the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) directorate in 2004.

Poverty reduction strategies in SADC not meeting MDG targets
The SADC region is experiencing unparalleled peace, political stability and security at the beginning of a new year 2004, but poverty reduction goals remain elusive.

Expected Rainfall Offers Recovery From 2002 Drought
The southern African rainfall season has begun at an erratic pace but weather experts have forecast that a largely near normal pattern is emerging across the sub-region for the remaining period of the season.

SADC Intensifies Its Efforts Against HIV and AIDS
The SADC region has stepped up its efforts to promote healthy lifestyles among people living with HIV and AIDS.

Statement On The Continuation Of The Suspension Of Zimbabwe From The Councils Of The Commonwealth
We, the SADC members of the Commonwealth supported by some members of the Commonwealth, wish to voice our strong disagreement with the decision not to allow Zimbabwe back into the Councils of the Commonwealth as reflected in the Abuja CHOGM Statement on Zimbabwe.

A Step Closer To Reducing Poverty - Botswana and Namibia Achieve Goal Three
The achievement of gender parity in education in Botswana and Namibia could mean that southern Africa is one step closer to achieving the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), intended to reduce poverty by the year 2015.

National Strategies Vital In Combating HIV and AIDS
Angola has launched a national strategic plan to combat the HIV and AIDS pandemic, in line with the Maseru Declaration approved by regional leaders earlier this year during Angola's tenure as chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Sustainable Peace And Security Imminent In The Region
The SADC region has moved towards overall political stability following positive peace efforts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the definitive end of war in Angola.

SADC Shared Watercourses Debated In Maputo
MAPUTO, 28 NOVEMBER - "Water an Essential Element for regional unity" was the theme of a series of international meetings on shared watercourses in the SADC region held in the Mozambican capital, Maputo, from 24-27 November.

Is gender-based violence adequately addressed in SADC?
If it were between countries, we'd call it a war. If it were a disease, we'd call it an epidemic. If it were an oil spill, we'd call it a disaster. But it's happening to women, and it's just an everyday affair. It's violence against women, or simply, domestic violence."

SADC Aligns Water Protocol With International Law
A recent workshop to review the SADC Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems demonstrated progress made by the region in aligning its regional policies with international law.

Mozambique Municipal Elections: Final Results  SANF 04 no 12, February 2004

MAPUTO, 19 DECEMBER (SARDC) - The final results of the second municipal elections held in 33 Mozambican municipalities on 19 November and announced in mid-December, confirmed the victory of the ruling party, FRELIMO.

Mozambique: Ruling Frelimo Claims Majority Win In Local Elections
MAPUTO, 28 NOVEMBER - Local elections held on 19 November in 33 Mozambican municipalities have confirmed the overwhelming support the ruling Frelimo party enjoys, especially in the southern region of the country, while the main opposition party Renamo made some gains in the central province of Sofala and in some coastal districts of the northern province of Nampula.

SADC leaders approve mutual defence pact, charter on social rights
DAR ES SALAAM, 26 August -- Leaders of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) meeting on the last day of the 23rd annual summit have approved a Mutual Defence Pact which provides the framework for further cooperation on politics, defence and security matters.

Mkapa outlines results-based agenda for SADC
DAR ES SALAAM, 26 August – Tanzanian President Benjamin William Mkapa who has assumed the rotating chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), has called on member states to adopt strategies that translate summit decisions into real benefits for ordinary women and men.

SADC plans gender policy for member states
DAR ES SALAAM, 23 August -- The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is in the process of developing a gender policy that will enable member states to assess their performance in line with norms and standards set at the regional level.

Tanzania hosts SADC Summit
DAR ES SALAAM, 23 August -- The United Republic of Tanzania hosts the 23rd Summit of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) from 25-26 August in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam amid brightening economic and political prospects in most of the southern Africa region.

AU summit ends with commitment to end conflicts, fight HIV/AIDS
MAPUTO, 12 July - The 2nd Assembly of the African Union ended in Maputo adopting a declaration on the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) which emphasises the commitment and a common determination for poverty eradication and bringing the continent out of marginalization from global affairs.

African Union integrating NEPAD into its structures
MAPUTO, 11 July -- The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is being integrated into the African Union in a three-year programme that seeks to synchronize and harmonize all the structures of the continental body.

African leaders call for a stronger continental union
MAPUTO, 10 July – African leaders meeting in the Mozambican capital Maputo have called for a stronger African Union (AU) with functional structures that can help the continent better confront its many challenges.

Step up fight against HIV/AIDS -- Annan
MAPUTO, 10 July – The UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, promised to help African leaders in their efforts to convince the developed countries to provide more support for the fight against AIDS on the continent.

African Union: Executive council closes its third session
Maputo, 10 July - The African Union (AU) Executive Council ended its third session on Wednesday, approving a budget of US$13.09 million for September to December 2003 and US$41.190 million for 2004.

Critical issues for southern Africa at the AU summit
MAPUTO, 08 July -- As 40-plus African heads of state and government converge in the Mozambican capital Maputo to attend the African Union Summit on 10-12 July, many among southern Africa's 200 million citizens will be hoping new, more practical solutions can be found to address critical issues such as HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, armed conflict and poverty.

AU Summit: Conflict resolution dominates debate
MAPUTO, 08 July - The third session of the Executive Council of the African Union (AU) analysed in detail the various conflicts in the continent, recognising the role of women in bringing about peace.

African Union Cites Political Stability As Vital For Development
MAPUTO, 07 July - The third ordinary session of the Executive Council of the African Union began on Sunday in the Mozambican capital, Maputo, citing peace, stability and democracy as the main pre-conditions for Africa's economic development.

Trade, globalisation and the fight against poverty
“If Africa, East Asia, South Asia, and Latin America were each to increase their share of world exports by one per cent, the resulting gains in income could lift 128 million people out of poverty.”

Railway restructuring to facilitate trade in SADC
By Tafadzwa Sekeso
Southern Africa is currently undergoing an extensive railway-restructuring programme aimed among other things at easing problems faced by traders in the region.

SADC Summit describes 2002 as historic year for southern Africa
The 22nd SADC Summit held in Angola at the beginning of October cited the consolidation of peace in the region and a crusade against hunger as some of the challenges that the 14-member group need to urgently tackle in order to sustain its long term goal of regional integration.

Angola's ray of hope
… thousands of refugees return as peace takes root
Thousands of Angolan refugees in Zambia will start a hearty journey back home in April next year following the dawn of peace and stability in a country that was torn apart by 27 years of civil war between the rebel UNITA movement of the late Jonas Savimbi and the MPLA government of President José Eduardo Dos Santos.

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