20 Years of 
Development in Southern Africa 

Written by:
Cathrine Mutambirwa, Maria Mutama and Clever Mafuta 

Reviewed by: 
Prof. Paul Maro SADC-ELMS

Published by:
The Regional Economic Development and Integration (REDI) Programme of the Southern African Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC), P O Box 5690, Harare, Zimbabwe. 
Email: sardc@sardc.net or redi@sardc.net

Funded by: 
The African Development Bank under its African Development Fund’s Technical Assistance Fund. 

The opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of ADB or SARDC 


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The Southern Africa Development Co-ordina-tion Conference (SADCC), predecessor of SADC, was formed in Lusaka, Zambia on 1 April 1980, following the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration, Southern Africa: Towards Economic Liberation. This regional grouping for economic co-operation was founded by the then nine majority-ruled countries of southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe..full details

SADC Environment Sector
The SADC Environment and Land Management Sector (SADC-ELMS) grew out of the former food, agricul-ture and natural resources sector of SADCC. ..full details

Evolution of policies for environmental management
Following the Stockholm Conference on the Human Envi-ronment (1972) and the establishment of the African Min-isterial Conference on the Environment and Natural Resources..full details
Complementary sectors
The SADC Water Sector Co-ordinating Unit (SADC-WSCU) was set up from SADC-ELMS in 1996. The vision of SADC-WSCU is to attain sustainable, integrated planning, development, utilization and management of water resources....full details

Policy recommendations
It is necessary to recognize the inter-relatedness of the SADC sectors if co-operation and regional integration are to be achieved. The current system whereby the environment is split and limited resource endowments...full details

Environment policies for the region are clear and realistic. Two positive impacts are...full details

Selected References
....List of references

....Environment PDF

....Policy Papers Archive

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